Nawab Muhammad Ishaq Khan

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Nawab_Ishaq_Khan1

Nawab Muhammad Ishaq Khan

By Afzal Usmani


Born: 1860, Delhi
Died: October 28, 1918, Delhi
Secretary of MAO College Board: 1914-1917
President All India Muslim Educational Conference

Biography:

A compossionate follower & Pillar of Aligarh Movement, son of Nawab Shefta, a great poet and contemporary of Mirza Ghalib, father of EX-Vice Chancelllor, Nawab Ismail Khan, deciple of Maulana Altaf Hussain Haali and an architect by hobby is a smaal introduction of Nawab Ishaaq Khan, 3rd Secretary of MAO College Management and President of All India Muslim Educational Conference.

Nawab Ishaaq Khan was born in reputed Delhi family and his father was Nawab Mustafa Khan of Jahangirabad, popularly known as Nawab Shefta [1804-1869], a famous disciple of Mirza Asadullah Khan, Ghalib. In 1861 Nawab Mustafa Khan (Nawab Shefta) employed Maulana Altaf Hussain Haali to teach his son. The Nawab was himself a skilled poet and critic of Urdu & Persian and wrote under the name of Shefta.

Nawab Ishaaq Khan was district & session Judge in Allahabad. During his tenure of MAO College Secretaryship, he invited Sarojni Naidu to MAO College. To commemorate her visit, he, announced an annual donation of a collection of books in the Students’ Union Library, to be known as ‘Mrs. Sarojni Naidu Collection’.

During his job as district and session Judge in Allahbad, he was greatly impressed by the eminence of Pundit Moti Lal Nehru as a lawyer. When his son Nawab Ismail Khan returned from England after becoming a barrister at law, Nawab Ishaaq Khan made him start his legal practice as assistant lawyer to Pundit Moti Lal Nehru who prevailed upon Nawab Ishaaq Khan to let his son stay with him as his guest. So he stayed in Anand Bhawan for a couple of years. He had a life long friendship with Pundit Jawaher Lal Nehru and Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pundit.

Nawab Ishaaq Khan was a very good architect also. He himself designed a building with the help of some assistants who had experience of building barracks for the British army. The building is in Meerut (UP) and named after his father, Mustafa Castle. He amalgamated many styles of architecture in building Mustafa Castle. It has all the facilities which British bungalows provide. It has prominent features of the buildings of Rajasthan and Oudh area, mainly Lucknow. But as result of this amalgam the facade of Mustafa Castle is absolutely unique. This building was completed in 1900. Nawab Mustafa Khan's mother (grand mother of Nawab Ishaaq Khan) was the daughter of the Commander in Chief of the Mughal army, Ismail Baig Hamadani. Even after the surrender of the Mughal army he continued his fight against the British and finally retreated to Nepal. Nawab Mustafa Khan was tried for supposedly supporting the uprising which had emanated from Meerut. He was sentenced to seven years imprisonment. He was confined in a cell of the military jail of Meerut cantonment which had been improvised for the convicts of the 1857 uprising and was later abandoned. This small jail happened to be right in the centre of the area which comprises Mustafa Castle. It was purchased by Nawab Ishaq Khan along with the adjoining area comprising nearly 30 acres of land. He then built Mustafa Castle as his homage to the memory and honor of his father Mustafa Khan. The cell in which he was imprisoned was retained in its original shape in the building he constructed. The following outstanding persons have visited and stayed in Mustafa Castle. Mahatma Gandhi. 3 days during the Khilafat Movement, Pandit Jawaher Lal Nehru. 3 days during the Khilafat Movement Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Twice during the Pakistan Movement, Mrs. Sarojni Naidu. many times over a period of 30 years, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad. 2 or 3 times, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar. many times, Maulana Hasrat Mohani. many times Bahadur Yar Jang of Hyderabad. Once, Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pundit, many times, Mr. Vitthal Bhai Patel. Elder brother of Vallabh Bhai Patel. Twice, Barrister Bhula Bhai Desai. Twice. Mr. Govind Vallabh Pant. Twice, Sahabzadah Liaquat Ali Khan. many, many times



Picture 260

Picture 275

Nawab Ishaq Khan with James Meston and Leaders of Aligarh Movement at Aligarh India

Bab-e-Ishaq

Bab-e-Ishaq at AMU Aligarh India

Mustafa Castle Palace


Nawab Ishaq Khan's home, Mustafa Castle, Meerut

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His son and former Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University, Nawab Ismayeel Khan died in Mustafa Castle, Meerut and buried in Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah campus, Delhi


Sir Syed Bi-Centenary

Karwaan-e-Aligarh

Hamiduddin Farahi



Aligarians


Masarrat Ali