M.A.O. College

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Mohammadan Anglo Oriental (M.A.O.) College


MAO College

The establishment of Mohammedan Anglo Oriental (MAO) College in 1877 marks one of the most important events in the educational and social history of modern India. Its establishment is considered as the first significant response of the Indian Muslims to the challenges of post -1857 era. It was an important catalyst in a process of social change, which allowed them to break cleanly from their medieval shackles. The MAO College was originally affiliated with Calcutta University, and was transferred to the Allahabad University in 1885. It was also around this time that a movement began to have it develop into a university to stand on its own. To achieve this goal, many expansions were made with more and more pragrammes added to the curriculum.

In 1920, an Act of Indian Legislative Council elevated the M.A.O. College to the status of a Central University and it became the principal Muslim Institution in India. Section 2(1) of the AMU Act, says the University means the “the educational institution of their choice established by the Muslims of India”. The establishment of AMU was part of India’s intellectual and social renaissance in the late 19th century. It soon emerged as a catalyst in bringing various schools of Islamic thought and movements in step with modernity. It became the nerve-centre of a composite modern Islamic ethos and consciousness.

A.M.U. occupies a distinct position among Indian Universities and its contribution to nation building is in no way inferior to the best among the lot. AMU is perhaps the only University in the country, which has high schools in its domain. It has as many as five high schools including one for the visually handicapped, and two senior secondary schools for boys and girls. With more than 32000, students, about 1400 teachers and some 6000 non-teaching staff on its rolls, it has 12 faculties comprising a wide spectrum of academic disciplines (93 departments, 5 institutions and 13 centres) and 15 halls of residence with 70 hostels. The University offers 293 courses. The University has the Z. H. College of Engineering and Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Dr. Ziauddin Dental College, Institutes of Biotechnology, Ophthalmology, Agriculture and Food Craft. Centre of Advanced Study in History, Centre of West Asian Studies, Centre of Wildlife, Academic Staff College, Women’s College, Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College, and University Polytechnic for boys and girls separately, Computer Centre. The University has a campus spread over 467.6 hectares of land. It has a budget of over Rs 250 crores. It attracts students from all over the world, especially Africa, West Asia and South East Asia. The languages taught here include English, Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Telgu, Tamil, Bengali, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Kashmiri, French, Turkish, German and Russian. The medium of instruction is primarily English.

MAO College Foundation 3
Temporary Structure for the Ceremony of Laying the Foundation Stone of The M.A.O. College

MAO College Foundation 2
Foundation of Strachy Hall at M.A.O.College

Muslim University Ki Kahani 372

Muslim University Ki Kahani 362
Group Photograph of Sir Syed with the students of M.A.O.College

Muslim University Ki Kahani 390


Sir Syed Bi-Centenary


Hamiduddin Farahi


ZH Chowdhury

Satish Chandra