Mushtaq Ahmed Yousufi
"Human beings are the only animals that weeps and laughs". Humor is an integral part of every literature and civilization and it is not an exaggeration if we claim that we live in "Yusufi era (Ahd-e-Yusufi)". Before coming to Aligarh, I was only familiar with the Urdu humor of Patras Bukhari and Rasheed Ahmad Siddiqi. My friend and cousin Abdul Mabood Usmani introduced me to the humor of Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi by gifting me his book "Khakam Badahan". I came to know more about Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi when one of my senior Dr. Mohd Tahir presented me his Ph.D. work "Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi ki Adabi Khidamaat". It was a pleasure to know this much about Mushtaq Yusufi and his contribution to Urdu literature. For a long time I was thinking to write a small biographical article on Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi for the website but got delayed for one or the other reasons and now Mr. Shahran Asim has done a good job by writing a brief biography so I am just re posting it for a wider readership. Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi is the recipient of 8th Annual "Sir Syed Day Lifetime Achievement Award for Excellence in Literature, Poetry, Arts and Science " for the year 2008. The award is bestowed upon him by Aligarh Alumni Association of New York Tri-State USA.
By Shahran Asim
Mushtaq Ahmed Yousufi is one of the most famous humorist and a humanist from Pakistan. The subtlety of his satire laced with an unlaboured and chaste Urdu idiom is his speciality that distinguishes him from others in the field.
A couple of months ago, he was in New York. He was invited as the keynote speaker in an event organized by Aligarh Alumni, USA. Since I have been an avid reader of his books therefore I always had this image of him in my mind that he must be a very talkative and witty person. Somebody, who could never be forced to keep quite. But when I met him that evening , my first impression of him was of extreme modesty. He came across as a very sober person to me. When he started his talk, there were a number of moments where his humor did its usual cut and the audience were split into smiles and laughter. I observed that whenever his humor got closer to crossing the thin line of vulgarity, Yousufi saheb masterfully disguised it with his choice of literary words such that the meaning stayed intact but created huge giggles among the audience.
Born in Tonk State in Rajhastan in 1923.
Son of Abdul Karim Khan Yousufi, chairman of the Jaipur Municipality, and later Speaker of the Jaipur Legislative Assembly.
Intermediate, Rajputana and Central India Board of Education;
B.A., Agra University;
M.A. in Philosophy, Muslim University, Aligarh. LLB, Aligarh.
Joined Muslim Commercial Bank in 1950, became Deputy General Manager.
Joined Allied Bank Ltd in 1965 as Managing Director.
In 1974 he became President of United Bank Ltd.
In 1977 became Chairman of the Pakistan Banking Council.
Awarded Quaid-i-Azam Memorial Medal for distinguished services in banking.
(1) Charagh talay (1961),
(2) Khakam ba dahn (1969),
(3) Zarguzasht (1976) and
(4) Aab-i-gum (1990).
First two won Adamjee Prize, while last one got the Hijra Award as well as Pakistan Academy of Letters Award for the best book, 1990.
He was also awarded Sitara-i-Imtiaz.
The Yousufi era started in with his first book Charagh talay . So far 11 editions of this book have appeared. It has a foreword titled ‘pehla pathhar’ written by the author himself plus 12 satirical and humorous articles.
Yousufi Sahib’s second book was Khakim ba-dahn which was dedicated to his wife, Idrees Fatema. So far 14 editions of this book have been printed. It has eight articles, in addition to a foreword written by the author.
A few lines from this book:
“…No sooner had I received the salary, I bought grocery and other items for the household so that the dog I had brought home could guard these items. For us parents I pointed out the advantage of having a dog by submitting that after all it was an Englishman’s dog… even an illiterate person in our country gives an English name to his dog and always calls him or reprimands him in English, therefore, it was obvious that because of this dog our children would learn English!”
Yousufi’s third book Zarguzasht has 11 articles in addition to the foreword titled, ‘Tuzk-i-Yousufi’.
His fourth book, Aab-i-gum is dedicated to his children, Arshad, Sarosh, Rukhsana and Seema. It runs into 404 pages and has five articles, in addition to the foreword.
On His Personal Life:
Yousufi Sahib does not like to talk about his personal life. At best he would share his bio-data with you! In an interview given in 1995 (published in the book Mushtaq Ahmed Yousufi - Charagh talay se Aab-i-gum tak by Tariq Habeeb) he says:
If an author has to say something he should say it in his writings. If he cannot do that, then he is useless and not fit for an interview! How can you judge my writings by knowing what I wore on Eid and what are my favourite dishes?
Let me quote some lines at random from this book.
On his indifferent health:
This is the first time in recent months when a doctor present here has not asked me to undress. They carried out 26 medical tests for several health conditions on me a few weeks ago. I tested positive for all. Pregnancy was just about the only condition they didn’t test me for.
At my age a man has usually known all kinds of pain, save labour. The generation I belong to was raised believing that it was your elders’ prayers that caused childbirth. In England, aged 60, I discovered they put on adult programmes on TV after 9pm. Pity, I didn’t know that a decade earlier. What I saw, however, reminded me of the only lessons I got in human anatomy and biology as a little boy from the curse words adults used back home.
On gender bias in Urdu poetry:
It’s unfair to judge a literary genre out of its context. Consider a politically correct version of Momin’s famous couplet: Tum mere paas hoti ho goya/ jab koi doosri nahin hoti’ (you are in my thoughts only when others (girls) are not).
On changing values:
‘Hafiz Jallundhri has wisely said: ye ajab marhala-i-umr hai ya Rab ke mujhe/ har buri baat buri nazar aati hai’ (At this strange juncture in life, every vice appears just that).
We are lucky indeed to be living in the Yousufi era!
The biography of Mushtaq Ahmed Yusufi has been written by “Tariq Habib” namely “Yusufiat” and published by “Dost Publications”.
What do others have to say about him?
Ibn-i-Insha, who was himself a great Urdu satirist and humourist, wrote about Yousufi Sahib:
…if ever we could give a name to the literary humour of our time, then the only name that comes to mind is that of Yousufi!
Another scholar, Dr Zaheer Fatehpuri, wrote:
We are living in the ‘Yousufi era’ of Urdu literary humour…
As Zamir Badayuni says in his artilcle on Yousufi:
Mushtaq Ahmed Yusufi is basically a humorist who plays with the language and paints a picture of man, decentralized and imperfect. He combines all the styles, pre-modern, modern and post-modern. Rasheed Ahmed Siddiqui is pre-modern; Pitras is modern and Yusufi is post-modern. Rasheed Ahmed Siddiqui generally writes on cultural trends and style of living such as Tanga and Charpai. The language used by him is narrative and he paints the picture of our society in a very realistic way and without exaggeration. But his keen observation presents minute details with photographic details. He always tries to avoid the language of the masses or the language of the man in the street. Literary language is different from masses’ expressions. He writes in an elevated language full of literary references but he does not peep into the depths and social behaviours of man. But his humorous writings contain literary values.
Modern humour writing begins with Pitrus Bokhari. He writes light essays and uses elevated modernized language. He is a modern humour writer influenced by western literature and not deeply rooted in our culture. His light essays such as Bicycle, Lahore ka Geographia and other essays present his individualized style different from other humorists. However, he is a significant writer who will be regarded as a modernist in the history of Urdu Literature.
Mushtaq Ahmed Yusufi is a humorist with unified sensibility. He combines pre-modern, modern and post-modern sensibility in such a way that no other writer can paint the picture of man and society as he has painted it. His objects of humour are man, society and nature. From Charagh Talay to Aab-e-Gum, we have the best humour available in recent times.
AAA, NEW YORK TRI-STATE SELECTS THE RENOWNED SATIRIST/HUMORIST, JANAB MUSHTAQ AHMED YOUSUFI AS THE RECIPIENT OF THE EIGHTH ANNUAL 'SIR SYED DAY LIFETIME ACHIEVEMENT AWARD FOR EXCELLENCE IN LITERATURE, POETRY, ARTS OR THE SCIENCES' FOR THE YEAR 2008
NEW YORK, March 3: The Aligarh Alumni Association of the New York Tri-State area announced today, the selection of Janab Mushtaq Ahmed Yousufi as the recipient of this year's 'Sir Syed Day Lifetime Achievement Award for Excellence in Poetry, Literature, Arts or the Sciences' to be presented at the Sir Syed Day Mushaira and Dinner to be held at the Akbar Restaurant in Long Island, NY on November 1, 2008. The award includes presentation of a plaque and 1 Lakh Rupees.
Previous recipients of this award have been Dr. Moin Ahsan Jazbi (Deceased), Dr. Shanul Haq Haqqee (Deceased), Janab Intezar Husain, Dr. Obaid Siddiqi, Dr. Munibur Rahman, Mr. Shyam Benegal and Dr. Mukhtar Uddin Ahmed "Arzoo". Yousufi Sahab is arguably one of the most outstanding satirist/humorist of Urdu of our time. It is a matter of great pride for all Aligarians that he is an Aligarh alum, having obtained his law degree from AMU just before partition. He rose to the highest positions in the field of banking in Pakistan and received numerous awards including the highest civilian awards from the President of Pakistan; Sitar-e-Imitiaz and Hilal-e-Imtiaz. Ibne Insha, himself a respected humorist has said 'If ever we could give a name to the literary humor of our time, then the only name that comes to mind is that of Yousufi'. Another contemporary, Dr. Zaheer Fatehpuri has this to say about Yousufi 'We are living in the Yousufi era of Urdu literary humor'. Yousufi Sahab's first article 'Sinf-e-Laagar' was published in the monthly Savera, Lahore. The Yousufi era, however, started with the publication of his first book 'Chirag Talay' in 1961 (11 editions) followed by 'Khakam Badahan' (14 editions), 'Zarguzasht' and ' Aab-i-gum'.
The following two English translation excerpts from his works, taken from Wikipedia give a flavor of his style.
'My ancestors were Yusufzai Pathans in Jaipur. When my father visited Peshawar and introduced himself as Pathan Yusufzai, everyone laughed. He returned to Jaipur and stopped calling himself a Yusufzai or a Pathan. However, he gave the family a new name - Yousufi'.
`For us parents, I pointed out the advantage of having a dog by submitting that after all it was an Englishman's dog, even an illiterate person in our country gives an English name to a dog and always calls him or reprimands him in English; therefore it was obvious that because of this dog our children would learn English'.
Masood Haider, Ph.D.